The joining of studs with flat surfaces of metal with the help of arc welding and application of pressing force is Stud welding. The surfaces are joined in the liquid state in the welding zone without any filler material. We need a special welding power source for energy and coordinated movement device along with a welding gun, power cable, chuck to hold the stud, and shear stud to complete the process of Stud Welding. This is a versatile process for attaching fasteners to metal sheets automatically or manually for their applications. The Stud welding is a great system where a strong attachment is achieved on a variety of metals thus making the Stud welding a great system for a series of industrial uses. They range from use in electrical equipment to mechanical manufacturing industries. The following is a range for stud welding uses and applications technologically available in the present scenario today:
- Transport Vehicle Construction– The Stud may be useful in a passenger vehicle, transportation vehicle as trucks, vans, trailers, and buses. The special vehicle like a baggage handler, forklifts, cranes, diggers, elevators, excavators, bulldozers, tractors, harvesters, cultivation, fertilizing, planting, etc. They may be used in motorbike, monorails, trams, rail maintenance and specially designed for cable car and aircraft.
- Construction– The Stud may be of use in the structural making of any building in the present time. The making of the windows frames in the scope of the stud welding. The construction of an interesting facade is the role of stud only. The making of bridges, elevators, stairs, and escalators is a specialized job of stud welding. The construction o the handrails and vending machine is the scope of the stud welding as well.
- Shipbuilding – The companies who are indulged in shipbuilding are using this stud welding for the wire & cable management, for control panels, fluid lines, electrical attachments, insulation, hatch covers, decking, etc. They are useful in making of the floors, ceilings, kitchens, cableways, floors and above floor level walking ways, floating walking way, portholes. They are used in fitment equipment of food preparation, linen care, and sanitation.
- Home and Commercial Appliances – The home appliances like utensils, cookware, kitchen equipment, linen washing, and drying machines, irons are made with the help of stud welding only. The commercial appliances like a vending machine for food, liquids, tickets and cigarettes, money transactions machine are part and parcel of the stud welding process. The sterilizing machine, material, and food handling types of equipment, ice machines, and audio equipment like HiFi recording panels are created by the stud welding process.
- Metals’ Fabricated Products – The hinges, safe deposit boxes, signage like traffic signs, metal nameplate, badges, and electrical enclosure are fabricated metal products where stud welding is playing a great role. The containers for tank oil, chemical containers and timber processing where the stud is useful. The heating elements and hand tools are also created with studs.
- Climate Control – Heating ventilation and air conditioning are climate control where stud seems mandatory. The refrigerated vessel, cool room, fireproofing, ducting and facades are made by stud welding. The fire resistance insulation for power plant, incinerators, industrial furnaces, and the petrochemical industry cannot do without stud welding.
- Waste Treatment, Refining, and Power Generation – The stud welding is useful in boilers, gas, steam generation, coal, nuclear, refractory, transformer, incineration are created with stud welding only. Food and Catering industry – The Hygienic requirement in the food industry is ideal for fastening applications in catering industries. The studs can be fixed to table top, counters, refrigeration units, table tops, and electrical items for food processing. The process is useful as there are no gaps or dirt traps around the bases of welded studs so stud welding makes it hygienic for the food industry.
- Consumer and Decorative Items – The stud welding have a characteristic of making invisible welding which is prerequisite for decorative and consumer items like bandages, Jewelry, cookware, and home ware where stud welding make it strong and lasting along neat and attractive.